Ancient Egypt Writing
The student was allowed to use paper in the higher grades. One of many items of Egyptian trade, and one for the permanent gifts to the world is Ancient Egypt writing in writing.
The stem of this papyrus plant was cut into strips, other strips were placed crosswise upon these, the sheet was pressed, and paper, the stuff that is veryand nonsense) of civilization, was made.
How good they caused it to be might be judged from the known proven fact that manuscripts authored by them five thousand years back will always be intact and legible.
Sheets were combined into books by gumming the proper edge of one sheet to your left side of the next; in this way rolls were produced that have been sometimes forty yards in length; they certainly were seldom longer, for there were no verbose historians in Egypt.
Ink, black and indestructible, was created by mixing water with soot and vegetable gums on a wooden palette; the pen was a simple reed, fashioned during the tip into a tiny brush.
The egyptians wrote the most ancient of literatures with these modern instruments
The egyptians wrote the most ancient of literatures with these modern instruments.
Their language had probably can be found in from Asia; the oldest specimens of it show many Semitic affinities.
The earliest writing was apparently pictographic and object was represented by drawing an image from it: e.g. the word for house (Egyptian per) was indicated by a little rectangle with an opening on a single for the long sides.
As a few ideas were too abstract to be literally pictured, pictography passed into ideography: certain pictures were by custom and convention used to represent not the objects pictured but the ideas suggested by them; so that the forepart of a lion meant supremacy (like in the Sphinx), a wasp meant royalty, and a tadpole stood for thousands.
As a development that is further this line, abstract ideas, which had to start with resisted representation, were indicated by picturing objects whose names happened to resemble the spoken words that corresponded to the ideas; so that the picture of a lute came to mean not only lute, but good, due to the fact Egyptian word-sound for luteвЂ”neferвЂ” resembled the word-sound for goodвЂ”nofer.
Queer rebus combinations grew out of these homonyms words of like sound but meanings that are different.
Considering that the verb to be was expressed within the spoken language by the sound khopiru, the scribe, being puzzled to get an image for so intangible a conception, split the word into parts, kho-pi-ru, expressed these by picturing in succession a sieve (called within the spoken language khau), a mat (pi), and a mouth (ru); use and wont, which sanctify so many absurdities, soon made this strange assortment of characters suggest the thought of being.
The Egyptian arrived at the syllable in this way
In this way the Ancient Egypt writting arrived at the syllable, the syllabic sign, and also the syllabary for example., a collection of syllabic signs; and by dividing difficult words into syllables, finding homonyms for those, and drawing in combinaВ¬tion the objects suggested by these syllabic sounds, he was able, sooner or later, to help make the hieroglyphic signs convey nearly every idea.
Only 1 step remained to invent letters in ancient Egypt writing.
The sign for a homely house meant to start with the word for house per; then it meant the sound per, or p-r with any vowel in between, as a syllable in any word.
Then the picture was shortened, and used to represent the sound po, pa, pu, pe or pi in every word; and since vowels were never written, this was equivalent to having a character for P. By a development that is like sign for a hand (Egyptian dot) came to mean do, da, etc., finally D; the sign for mouth (ro or ru) came to mean jR; the sign for snake (zt) became Z; the sign for lake (shy) became Sh. . . .
The effect was an alphabet of twenty-four consonants, which passed with Egyptian and Phoenician trade to all quarters associated with Mediterranean, and came down, via Greece and Rome, among the most precious parts of our Oriental heritage.
In Ancient Egypt writing, Hieroglyphics are as old as the first dynasties; alphabetic characters appear first in inscriptions left by the Egyptians when you look at the mines of this Sinai’peninsula, variously dated at 2500 and 1500 B.c.
The Egyptians never adopted a writing that is completely alphabetic
Whether wisely or perhaps not, the Ancient Egypt writing never adopted a completely alphabetic writing; like modern stenographers they mingled pictographs, ideographs and syllabic signs due to their letters towards the very end of their civilization.
It has caused it to be problematic for scholars to read Egyptian, but it is quite conceivable that such a medley of longhand and shorthand facilitated the business of writing for people Egyptians who could spare enough time to master it.
The five hundred hieroglyphs, their secondary syllabic meanings, and their tertiary alphabetic uses since English speech is no honorable guide to English spelling, it is probably as difficult for a contemporary lad to learn the devious ways of English orthography as it was for the Egyptian scribe to memorize by use.
A more rapid and sketchy form of ancient Egypt writing was developed for manuscripts, as distinguished from the careful “sacred carvings” of the monuments in the course of time.
Since this corruption of hieroglyphic was first created by the priests while the temple scribes, it had been called by the Greeks hieratic; but it soon passed into common use for public, commercial and documents that are private.
A still more abbreviated and form that is careless of script was developed by the common people, and therefore came to be known as demotic.
From the monuments, however, the Egyptian insisted on having his lordly and lovely hieroglyphic egypt that is perhaps ancient was the essential picturesque as a type of writing ever made.